Between 1956 and 1980 (when Marzi is set) was when Władysław Gomułka (pronounced vwaˈdɨswaf ɡɔˈmuwka) (Wikipedia) was in power; he was brought into office as first secretary of the communist party in 1956, despite Moscow threatening to invade Poland if Gomułka was elected. Krushchev, the leader of the Soviet Union at the time, was reassured by Poland’s government that their new elected official would not change any of the basic foundations of Polish communism, so Russia withdrew their invasion threats.
Poland had a temporary hopeful spell under Gomułka’s control, but the 1960’s and -70’s saw the hopeful mood in Poland decline as Gomułka’s power in the government began to dwindle. There were attempted economic reforms, widespread dissent, and open confrontations from influential sections of the citizenry, such as the church, important intellectuals and workers. This dissent is shown in Marzi, as her father is a part of the workers’ dissent and confrontations. As is also evident in Marzi, the economy is at a near collapse.
This is the era that Marzena Sowa writes about in her graphic novel.
Posted by Jess
Władysław Gomułka. (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Władysław_Gomułka
Polish Pronunciation. (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_Polish